Gestational Diabetes – How to take care

It was quite insightful when I recently attended a meet on Gestational Diabetes (GD) hosted by Momspresso. Featuring experts from the field, the session dwelled on GD and various aspects around it. Given the topic and the interest it has from people all around, here are some key takeaways from the session.

Key risk factors

  • Being overweight and Obesity
  • Family history
  • Age above 30

The rising awareness levels and the sedentary and unhealthy lifestyles we lead have resulted in doctors prescribing gestational diabetes (GD) tests for all pregnant women. The Glucose Tolerance Test (GTT) is generally done at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy, but a lot of doctors advise this in almost in every month of pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes

Complications that can arise during and after pregnancy:

  • Babies can be larger as compared to their gestational age
  • Increase in amniotic fluid
  • Prolonged and painful labor
  • Obstructed labor due to large babies
  • Possible need for a c-sec             
  • Chances of preeclampsia, which can result in smaller babies
  • In extreme cases, it can also cause foetal deaths
  • Possibility of infection post delivery
  • Heavy bleeding post delivery
  • Babies can grow to be obese and diabetic
  • Possibility of learning disability in kids as they grow
  • Increased risk og GD during second pregnancy and later in life

How can pregnant women and lactating mothers guard against GD

  • Lifestyle changes – This can be prevention as well as a cure. A balanced diet along with exercising regularly is a big help.
  • Self monitoring – Use a Glucometer to keep a regular check on sugar levels
  • Breastfeeding – A major recommendation for new moms

On a finishing note, doctor recommended medication as well as insulin is safe for pregnant and lactating moms.

Lastly, maintain a healthy lifestyle, with the right diet and exercise to stay away from GD.